The Watermelon

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watermelon
The Watermelon
The black-footed variety is the most cultivated in Lanzarote and more commercial, although there is also a local variety
known as Muscat. Watermelon is a dry plant. Its origin is found in the arid lands of Africa, in fact, the Egyptians were avid consumers of this fruit. From the Nile Valley travel to China and Europe, where it would be much appreciated, especially by traders, who found in her a refreshing support for long days of travel.
In Europe, the melon was first grown mainly in the Mediterranean basin. Although it is believed that during the Middle Ages consumption would extend throughout Europe and the conquerors would lead to the Indies, some experts agree that the true origin of watermelon is in America and it was the French who discovered in the fertile lands of the Mississippi.
The best way to grow is in the traditional rows and using seeds that can be found within the pulp of the watermelon. We will leave enough space between plants, and on every shot, we will introduce a six seeds. In warm areas, the best sowing time is in November.
Temperate climates, slightly hot, are best for the development of the watermelon, which germinates in a week perfectly with 25 ° C temperature. The development of the plant will be good if it's hot, though flowering requires cooler temperatures not exceeding 20 ° C. A humidity of 60% is optimal for these plants.
The watermelon harvest is manual. We will know that a watermelon is ripe to be collected if the skin shines and the party that settles on the ground acquires a yellowish and hard consistency. Another trick is to hit the bark unerring hand, if the fruit is ripe, the crust vibrates. If you meet these requirements watermelon, safrinha morning and cut to 3 cm. away from the stem.
This plant grows well in deep fertile soils, better if they are slightly acidic. Normally watermelon has trouble growing in clay and alkaline soils.
When applying fertilizer is best to use products that do not increase the soil pH and, if possible to be basic fertilizer for the plant will gradually dosing the nutrients it needs. Commonly, these plants need abundant potassium rather than nitrogen.
Watermelon can be seriously impaired by excess water. The poor flowering, low production and development are often vegetative symptoms exaggerated shortcomings or excesses in cultivation.
The 93% of watermelon is water, and is therefore one of the most popular summer fruits and consumed. Its cooling properties make it an ideal product for heat. It also has vitamins and antioxidants, is nutritious and caloric intake is minimal, so it is considered an important ally in the diets.

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