Before the conquest of the islands by the Spanish, they were inhabited by the Guanches, white and possibly cromañoide
These were devoted to grazing, were enemies of injustice and cruelty and loved freedom so much that prefer death rather than submit to the yoke of the conquerors.
These ancient people lived in caves, with a simple lifestyle and rudimentary.
Hence, the most exploited natural resources were such as stone and clay, drawing tools and ornaments. Similarly, they make use of wood for their weapons and goat skin for clothes.
With respect to its social and political organization, the land was common to all, and its highest authority the guanarteme, mencey or advice of his counselors.
With respect to the language spoken, today are conserved few words, only a few names and popular expressions.
As for their beliefs, were monotheist and primarily people were in the habit of embalming their dead.
The Guanche heritage
A study by the Department of Genetics at the University of La Laguna, conducted on 652 people from all the islands, reveals that, genetically, Guanche heritage persists in current Canarian population.
Specifically, there is a 30% to 40% of Aboriginal genetic influence from the mother and 10% from the father. This is in line with the way it produced the conquest of the islands, where there were more Aboriginal women's survival and where the conquerors were mainly men.