Santa Barbara Castle

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Santa Barbara Castle
Santa Barbara Castle
The Santa Barbara Castle is located in the municipality of Teguise. The fort is now perched on the volcano Guanapay
 
is the result of several actions that have their beginning in the middle of S. XV when Agustín de Herrera y Rojas decided to build a shelter impregnable to Lanzarote suffering ongoing attacks by pirates. But the castle served not only vantage point from which you scanned the sea for hazards, but also served as a refuge for the prison population and prisoners.
Today a museum of piracy, where it discloses the centuries of piracy in the Canaries.

However, the most important English attack occurred in 1598 shortly after having passed the first Marquis of Lanzarote. In April of that year, he reached the island a fleet of eighteen vessels under the command of the Earl of Cumberland. After anchoring in the port of Naos, and thinking that the Marquis was a wealthy potentate, and soon landed a column of 500-600 musketeers he went to Teguise. Along the way, the Lanzarote performed their usual tactic of skirmishes and ambushes, although it did not stop the advance, managed to delay it so that when they reached the village it was abandoned, having escaped the inhabitants of the caves and castle Guanapay .

The defenders of the castle ended up abandoning the well-armed against the British who seized artillery forces. The Earl of Cumberland remained eight days as lord of Teguise in which the British set about looting the town and its surroundings in a general orgy due to abundant game of Malvasia wine and found that took one hundred fifty pipes.

April 21 Cumberland evacuated the village after a thorough looting taking twelve cannons Guanapay, church bells, pipes of wine and numerous valuables. Thus, Lanzarote ended the sixteenth century with a new invasion which left the island again mired in poverty; the upside is that the British, unlike the Turks, not for subsequent rescue captives were carried as they were not of interest.

For more information:

Rumeu WEAPONS, Antonio: Canaries and the Atlantic. Piracy and naval attacks. Madrid-Las Palmas, 1991.

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