Lanzarote Island of Volcanoes

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Lanzarote Island of Volcanoes
Lanzarote Island of Volcanoes
Lanzarote is situated northwest of the Canary archipelago. Despite not having more than 560 square miles,is
dotted with diverse landscapes. Volcanic eruptions in eighteenth and nineteenth century have given spectacular shape and appearance of singular beauty. About amazing sites formed by the volcanic caves stretch of white sand beaches and crystalline waters.
The spectacular natural heritage is jealously preserved by the “Lanzaroteños”. A type of life that has been wisely adapted to the vagaries of nature and the genuineness of their people, are ultimately what make Lanzarote an island increasingly attractive for visitors.
In Lanzarote we can find joy in resort towns, with their excellent hotel facilities and recreational areas, together with unpublished landscapes, horizons with no signs of human footprint and lonely islands where you can enjoy the silence.
islands where you can enjoy the silence.
MontañasTimanfaya National Park, a beautiful series of volcanic landscapes, stands as one of the major claims of interest in the island.
The original culture systems of Lanzarote farmers who have managed to overcome the sterility of the island and make lush lavas are another attraction for visitors.
You can not overlook the fact that the mild climate, the 22 degrees Celsius on average annually, makes of Lanzarote the perfect setting to practice all outdoor sports.

The agricultural landscape in Lanzarote
The unique agricultural landscape in Lanzarote is explained by its aridity, the constancy and strength of the winds, by the destructiveness of their latest volcanic manifestations, the presence of vast fields of sand of marine origin and the ability and human ingenuity to boot off of the land in such adverse conditions.
Almost anywhere susceptible to thrive culture was restored for this purpose, so much so that at a glance one detects the imprint left by intense agricultural activity.
Mirador del RíoVery soon and trying to recover farmlands buried by volcanic ash, the farmer realized that planting under the mantles of volcanic ash, would increase agricultural productivity. Hence the planting of vines and fruit trees in the background of huge holes made in the sand deposits caused by volcanic eruptions XXVIII and XIX centuries. Similarly, the construction of as many souks of stone to shelter the crops from wind resulted in one of the largest human performance and beauty. The result is a monumental agricultural landscape.
Agriculture had to adapt to the environment. We selected those species and varieties more suited to the conditions of the island, grew the most appropriate cultivation techniques and even new tools and tools emerged with big changes in agriculture caused by volcanic eruptions in Lanzarote.
Castillo San Jose
This is another core activity as an economic resource of the island.
Prominent among its products the onion, tomatoes, sweet potatoes, potatoes, watermelon, melon and cereals and lentils. Are also noteworthy wines that are made with Malvasia and Muscatel grapes, especially in La Geria the area where it is possible to observe a unique curiosity of Lanzarote, in the region that uses a peculiar form of cultivation of vines, in holes in the volcanic ashes in search of fertile land.
La Geria, viticultural zone par excellence, is shown the patience and care of the farmers of the island, who have built protective walls of volcanic stone (souks) specially arranged around each vine to cover them from the wind.

The birds are a characteristic and protected fauna of Lanzarote. Only taking into account the nesting permanently on the island, it amounts to about thirty different species, Jardín de Cactusamong which include: The Guincho or sea eagle, the bustard, the houbara bustard and the vulture. Other species regularly visit Lanzarote: shearwaters and the aveta or hawk of Leonor are among these, the most important in number.
The fish fauna is also remarkable for its variety and wealth: the old, grouper, bream,  bocinegros, Sama, eels, herring, sardines and tuna are a number of species present in waters of Lanzarote.
Reptiles and mammals are scarce and of little relevance. Special mention goes blind albino crabs that have their habitat in the lake of the Jameos del Agua that have provided it so much fame as a unique species in the world.
The generosity of the climate allows the practice of outdoor sports all year round.
Among the most developed of the island is fishing, both inshore and coastal and underwater.
In Lanzarote there are several scuba diving schools. You can also practice any type of navigation, both sail and motor, water-skiing and windsurfing.
There are also splendid facilities for fans of other sports: tennis courts and a golf course in the municipality of Teguise. Within the local sports on the island, it should be noted Canarian wrestling, based on the ability to shoot down the enemy in direct conflict man to man.
Since classical antiquity, the island was known to be part of the mythical legends that married into the Fortunate Isles, the Hesperides, the Elysian Fields or the legendary Atlantis. Subsequently, the European expansion into the Atlantic, from the Middle Ages, did the island was rediscovered again and included in the itinerary of many trips did sailors and adventurers. Soon it became part of the focus of socio-economic aspirations of the conquerors, traders and European and North African pirates to disembark by the waters of these islands, the heat of the benefits of natural harbors as the Reef and the El Rio .

After the Norman Conquest advanced at the beginning of the fifteenth century, Lanzarote starts close ties sociocultural and political-economic.
Until well into the second half of the twentieth century, the island was attached to an agricultural economy went through moments of misfortunes that rocked in continuous famine, depopulation, drought and agricultural crises, coupled with the secular abandonment by the different central and regional . However, there were also good times, determined by other agro-economic cycles as the stage grain farming, the production of wine and brandy, barilla trade and cochineal, the cultivation of onions, sweet potato and tomato or fish in the Canary-Saharan bank.
Cueva de Los VerdesBy the late twentieth century, the development of the tourism industry agro-economy banish fishing island and draw a new socio-economic spectrum was a strong growth of its economy, linked to high consumption of the coastal zone and increased the resident population, a phenomenon closely related to tertiary activities.

Nevertheless, the preparation of a framework for action flagged by the artist Cesar Manrique and Lanzarote Island, drove a peculiar way of understanding human interventions on the territory, from premises such as respect for nature and the protection of the traditional values ​​of the human landscape. This experience in a different and harmonious to intervene on the landscape, has set a pattern and a philosophy that has allowed the island has preserved a significant part of its essence

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