Jameos del Agua, like the Cueva de los Verdes, located inside the tunnel caused by the volcanic eruption of the Corona.
They owe their name to the existence of an inland lake which is a unique geological formation. Is caused by the filtration of sea water (it is below the sea level).
The tunnel formed by the eruption of the Corona is one of the longest in the world with more than four miles long. The partial collapse of the roof of a section of the tunnel forms a structure called with an aboriginal word "Jameo" which is just an opening in the ground which allows access to the cave. More than four miles acquaintances preface from the crater of the volcano until it enters the sea on a stretch of a mile underwater media called "Tunnel of Atlantis".
Jameos del Agua is formed by at least three jameos or openings in the ground (in reality is an opening in the ceiling). The "Jameo Chico" where access has been made, the "Jameo Grande" and a third, called "Jameo de la Cazuela." Because of the uniqueness of its structure, on the Jameos del Agua operate two figures of environmental protection . On the one hand, is located within the Malpais National Monument of the Corona and secondly, it was declared a Site of Scientific Interest. To these protections you must add the statement of cultural interest to the category of Historical Garden, as well as other works carried out in Lanzarote space by César Manrique, he is awarded for their significant heritage values.
Jameos del Agua is the first Centre of Art, Culture and Tourism created by César Manrique, and reflects one of its creative pillars: the harmony between nature and artistic creation of Jameos del Agua. Los Jameos del Agua as complete works is attributable to César Manrique. However, the complexity of the project and repeated stays in New York during the early years of establishment of the Centre, especially in the in the early stages of adapting volcanic tube, delegate of the work in one of his closest collaborators the artist Jesus Soto, who had been the architect of the spectacular lighting and upgrading of the Cueva de los Verdes.
In the early sixties, and due to the neglect of the environment, it is necessary to undertake cleaning and conditioning. Although work widened over time, we can point the year 1966 as the date of opening of the first phases to the public.
The special morphology of lava tube prompting numerous changes will be made of the initial project, exploring creative alternatives and ensuring that the solutions were the most suitable.
It will be in 1977, after more than a decade of work, when it is made the overall structure of the Jameos del Agua. By this time they proceed to the official opening of the center, including the Auditorium, and the work is considered finished. Even so conclusive, and thereafter, new facilities are made for specific functions such as museum space of the "House of Volcanoes" (one of the most important scientific research centers worldwide). The center has, since 1987, a major scientific and educational work on volcanology.
This subterranean aquatic habitat, of rich fauna, home to more than a dozen endemic species of great scientific interest, among which are the famous crabs blind (Munidopsis polymorpha) that dot the rocky bottom of the lake. The darkness of the cave leads to lack of pigmentation. This rare specimen, unique in the world, whitish and scarcely an inch in length, serves as a symbol of the Jameos del Agua.
Blended into the environment we find a gateway that allows laterally across the lake and, after climbing over a wall garden, the access the "Jameo Great".
The ingenious artistic treatment of this area differs from the rest of the visit. This is a lush and exotic garden where vegetation flourishes striking palm trees, cactus, crotons and fig trees, surrounding a white pool of water forms streamers and deep blue watercolor. Crown the whole curved walls jamming itself. The white enameled pool strident contrast with the dark and rough rock, becoming a true humanized oasis. The shapes created by Cesar Manrique are streamers, where the curve takes on a strong organic character and blends with the surrounding elements. Especially striking is the centennial palm intentionally spills over the pool providing a filtered shade.