Fig Trees

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The fig
Fig Trees
The varieties grown in Lanzarote are: birasote and bergasota, closer to the name "bergazotes"
provided by Viera early nineteenth century in his Dictionary of Natural History of the Canary Islands. The Canary Islands in classical times constituted a reference for the expansion of the Old World in the Atlantic Ocean, not only because of its geographic location but also to the circumstance of being inhabited. In fact, authors like Wolf or Thornton place in this archipelago the beginning of the slave trade during the centuries that would develop between the coasts of Africa and America.
The chronicles of the first explorers who arrived on the Islands and of those subsequently documented their conquest, left evidence of the presence of figs and their use by the inhabitants of Gran Canaria. In them, even mentioned the existence of different terms to distinguish the figs: arehormaze when the fruit was fresh and when it was last tehaunenen. Today, archaeological findings have confirmed the accuracy of this information early. In excavations in Tenerife and Gran Canaria recently have recovered coals and fig seeds whose age reaches in some cases exceed 1500 years. Exceptionally, recovered seeds decayed teeth of some mummies that show, without doubt, its intake. The volume of such findings and the Hispanic diet studies in which substantial high rates of tooth decay, indicates that figs were an indispensable resource in the diet of the first canaries.

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